ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY – On 12th July, 100 BC, Julius Caesar, Roman General was born. Caesar was a politician and general of the late Roman republic, who greatly extended the Roman empire before seizing power and making himself dictator of Rome, paving the way for the imperial system. Caesar is well-known for disregarding the authority of the senate and famously crossing the Rubicon river without disbanding his army. In the ensuing civil war Caesar defeated the republican forces. Caesar was now master of Rome and made himself consul and dictator. He used his power to carry out much-needed reform, relieving debt, enlarging the senate, building the Forum Iulium and revising the calendar. Caesar’s success and ambition alienated strongly republican senators. A group of these, led by Cassius and Brutus, assassinated Caesar on the 15th March 44 BC. This sparked the final round of civil wars that ended the Republic and brought about the elevation of Caesar's great nephew and designated heir, Octavian, as Augustus, the first emperor. Picture: ‘Caesar’ by Napoleoman, DeviantArt.