|Gabriel García Márquez|
Gabriel García Márquez in 2002
|Born||Gabriel José García Márquez|
March 6, 1927
|Died||April 17, 2014 (aged 87)|
Mexico City, Mexico
|Alma mater||Universidad Nacional de Colombia|
Universidad de Cartagena
|Genre||Novels, short stories|
|Literary movement||Latin American Boom, magic realism|
|Notable works||One Hundred Years of Solitude, The Autumn of the Patriarch, Love in the Time of Cholera, Chronicle of a Death Foretold|
|Notable awards||Neustadt International Prize for Literature|
Nobel Prize in Literature
|Spouse||Mercedes Barcha Pardo|
Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez (/ /; American Spanish: [ɡaˈβɾjel ɣarˈsi.a ˈmarkes] ( listen); 6 March 1927 – 17 April 2014) was a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist, known affectionately as Gabo or Gabito throughout Latin America. Considered one of the most significant authors of the 20th century and one of the best in the Spanish language, he was awarded the 1972 Neustadt International Prize for Literature and the 1982 Nobel Prize in Literature. He pursued a self-directed education that resulted in his leaving law school for a career in journalism. From early on, he showed no inhibitions in his criticism of Colombian and foreign politics. In 1958, he married Mercedes Barcha; they had two sons, Rodrigo and Gonzalo.
García Márquez started as a journalist, and wrote many acclaimed non-fiction works and short stories, but is best known for his novels, such as One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), The Autumn of the Patriarch(1975), and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985). His works have achieved significant critical acclaim and widespread commercial success, most notably for popularizing a literary style labeled as magic realism, which uses magical elements and events in otherwise ordinary and realistic situations. Some of his works are set in a fictional village called Macondo (the town mainly inspired by his birthplace Aracataca), and most of them explore the theme of solitude.
On his death in April 2014, Juan Manuel Santos, the President of Colombia, described him as "the greatest Colombian who ever lived."