Tuesday, January 31, 2017
Author Zane Grey is born » 1872
|Born||Pearl Zane Grey|
January 31, 1872
Zanesville, Ohio, United States
|Died||October 23, 1939 (aged 67)|
Altadena, California, United States
|Resting place||Lackawaxen and Union Cemetery, Lackawaxen, Pennsylvania|
Pearl Zane Grey (January 31, 1872 – October 23, 1939) was an American dentist and author best known for his popular adventure novels and stories associated with the Western genre in literature and the arts; he idealized the American frontier. Riders of the Purple Sage (1912) was his best-selling book. In addition to the commercial success of his printed works, they had second lives and continuing influence when adapted as films and television productions. His novels and short stories have been adapted into 112 films, two television episodes, and a television series, Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theater.
Monday, January 30, 2017
FDR is born » 1882
|Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|32nd President of the United States|
March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945
|Preceded by||Herbert Hoover|
|Succeeded by||Harry S. Truman|
|44th Governor of New York|
January 1, 1929 – December 31, 1932
|Lieutenant||Herbert H. Lehman|
|Preceded by||Al Smith|
|Succeeded by||Herbert H. Lehman|
|Assistant Secretary of the Navy|
March 17, 1913 – August 26, 1920
|Preceded by||Beekman Winthrop|
|Succeeded by||Gordon Woodbury|
|Member of the New York State Senate|
for the 26th District
January 1, 1911 – March 17, 1913
|Preceded by||John F. Schlosser|
|Succeeded by||James E. Towner|
|Born||January 30, 1882|
Hyde Park, New York, U.S.
|Died||April 12, 1945 (aged 63)|
Warm Springs, Georgia, U.S.
|Resting place||Home of FDR National Historic Site, Hyde Park, New York|
|Spouse(s)||Eleanor Roosevelt (m. 1905)|
|Relations||See Roosevelt family and Delano family|
|Parents||James Roosevelt I|
Michael Dorris is born » 1945
|Born||Michael Anthony Dorris|
January 30, 1945
Louisville, Kentucky, US
|Died||April 10, 1997 (aged 52)|
Concord, New Hampshire, US
|Pen name||Milou North|
|Occupation||Academic, fiction writer|
|Genre||Children's fiction, memoir|
|Subject||Native American Studies|
|Spouse||Louise Erdrich (m. 1981)|
Michael Anthony Dorris (January 30, 1945 – April 10, 1997) was an American novelist and scholar who was the first Chair of the Native American Studies program at Dartmouth. His works include the memoir, The Broken Cord (1989) and the novel, A Yellow Raft in Blue Water (1987). He was married to author Louise Erdrich and the two frequently collaborated in their writing. He committed suicide in 1997 while police were investigating allegations that he had abused his daughters.
The Broken Cord, which won the 1989 National Book Critics Circle Award for General Nonfiction, helped provoke Congress to approve legislation to warn of the dangers of drinking alcohol during pregnancy.
Gene Hackman born » 1930
Gene Hackman at a book signing in June 2008
|Born||Eugene Allen Hackman|
January 30, 1930 (age 87)
San Bernardino, California, U.S.
|Residence||Santa Fe, New Mexico, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Pasadena Playhouse|
|Occupation||Actor and novelist|
|Years active||1956–2004 (actor)|
|Home town||Danville, Illinois, U.S.|
|Spouse(s)||Faye Maltese (m. 1956; div. 1986)|
Betsy Arakawa (m. 1991)
|Awards||2 Academy Awards, 3 Golden Globe Awards, 2 BAFTA Awards|
Eugene Allen "Gene" Hackman (born January 30, 1930) is a retired American actor and novelist. In a career spanning five decades, Hackman was nominated for five Academy Awards, winning Best Actor in The French Connection and Best Supporting Actor in Unforgiven. He won three Golden Globes and two BAFTAs.
He first came to fame in 1967 with his performance as Buck Barrow in Bonnie and Clyde, in which he gained his first Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor. His major subsequent films include: I Never Sang for My Father (1970), in which he gained his second Best Supporting Actor nomination; The French Connection (1971) and French Connection II (1975), in which he played Jimmy "Popeye" Doyle; The Poseidon Adventure (1972); The Conversation (1974); Superman: The Movie (1978), in which he played arch-villain Lex Luthor; Hoosiers (1986); and Mississippi Burning (1988), in which he gained his second Best Actor nomination.
His film roles during the 1990s featured: Unforgiven (1992); The Firm (1993); Crimson Tide (1995); Get Shorty (1995); The Birdcage (1996); and Enemy of the State (1998) Later roles included: Behind Enemy Lines (2001); and The Royal Tenenbaums (2001). Hackman's final film appearance to date was the romantic comedy Welcome to Mooseport in 2004, co-starring comedian Ray Romano.
King Charles I executed for treason » 1649
Portrait from the studio of Anthony van Dyck, 1636
|King of England and Ireland (more...)|
|Reign||27 March 1625 – 30 January 1649|
|Coronation||2 February 1626|
|Successor||Charles II (de jure)|
Council of State (de facto)
|King of Scotland (more...)|
|Reign||27 March 1625 – 30 January 1649|
|Coronation||18 June 1633|
|Born||19 November 1600|
Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Scotland
|Died||30 January 1649 (aged 48)|
|Burial||9 February 1649|
St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England
|Spouse||Henrietta Maria of France|
|Father||James VI of Scotland and I of England|
|Mother||Anne of Denmark|
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles was the second son of King James VI of Scotland, but after his father inherited the English throne in 1603, he moved to England, where he spent much of the rest of his life. He became heir apparent to the English, Irish, and Scottish thrones on the death of his elder brother, Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, in 1612. An unsuccessful and unpopular attempt to marry him to the Spanish Habsburg princess Maria Anna culminated in an eight-month visit to Spain in 1623 that demonstrated the futility of the marriage negotiations. Two years later, he married the Bourbon princess Henrietta Maria of Franceinstead.
After his succession, Charles quarrelled with the Parliament of England, which sought to curb his royal prerogative. Charles believed in the divine right of kings and thought he could govern according to his own conscience. Many of his subjects opposed his policies, in particular the levying of taxes without parliamentary consent, and perceived his actions as those of a tyrannical absolute monarch. His religious policies, coupled with his marriage to a Roman Catholic, generated the antipathy and mistrust of reformed groups such as the English Puritans and Scottish Covenanters, who thought his views too Catholic. He supported high church ecclesiastics, such as Richard Montagu and William Laud, and failed to aid Protestant forces successfully during the Thirty Years' War. His attempts to force the Church of Scotland to adopt high Anglican practices led to the Bishops' Wars, strengthened the position of the English and Scottish parliaments and helped precipitate his own downfall.
From 1642, Charles fought the armies of the English and Scottish parliaments in the English Civil War. After his defeat in 1645, he surrendered to a Scottish force that eventually handed him over to the English Parliament. Charles refused to accept his captors' demands for a constitutional monarchy, and temporarily escaped captivity in November 1647. Re-imprisoned on the Isle of Wight, Charles forged an alliance with Scotland, but by the end of 1648 Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army had consolidated its control over England. Charles was tried, convicted, and executed for high treason in January 1649. The monarchy was abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared. The monarchy was restored to Charles's son, Charles II, in 1660.