Saturday, December 31, 2016

Hungary declares war on Germany »

Hungary declares war on Germany » 1944 WW2 

American general and diplomat George C. Marshall is born »

American general and diplomat George C. Marshall is born » 1880 WW1 

Bloodiest year of the war ends »

Bloodiest year of the war ends » 1968 Vietnam 

Kennedy and Khrushchev exchange holiday greetings »

Kennedy and Khrushchev exchange holiday greetings » 1961

John Denver born in New Mexico »

John Denver born in New Mexico » 1943

Rick Nelson dies in a plane crash »

Rick Nelson dies in a plane crash » 1985

Ricky Nelson (born Eric Hilliard Nelson, also known as Rick Nelson; May 8, 1940 – December 31, 1985) was an American actor, musician and singer-songwriter. He starred alongside his family in the television series The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet (1952–66) as well as co-starring alongside John Wayne and Dean Martin in Howard Hawks's western feature film Rio Bravo (1959). He placed 53 songs on the Billboard Hot 100 between 1957 and 1973 including "Poor Little Fool", which holds the distinction of being the first #1 song on Billboard magazine's then-newly created Hot 100 chart. He recorded 19 additional Top 10 hits and was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on January 21, 1987. In 1996, he was ranked #49 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time. 
Nelson began his entertainment career in 1949 playing himself in the radio sitcom series The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet. In 1952, he appeared in his first feature film, Here Come the Nelsons. In 1957, he recorded his first single, debuted as a singer on the television version of the sitcom, and released the #1 album entitled Ricky. In 1958, Nelson released his first #1 single, "Poor Little Fool", and in 1959 received a Golden Globe nomination for "Most Promising Male Newcomer" after starring in Rio Bravo. A few films followed, and when the television series was cancelled in 1966, Nelson made occasional appearances as a guest star on various television programs.

Nelson and Sharon Kristin Harmon were married on April 20, 1963, and divorced in December 1982. They had four children: Tracy Kristine, twin sons Gunnar Eric and Matthew Gray, and Sam Hilliard.

Rick Nelson
A young man in profile playing a guitar and standing before a microphone.
Nelson in concert in Lawton, Oklahoma
Background information
Birth nameEric Hilliard Nelson
BornMay 8, 1940
Teaneck, New Jersey, US
DiedDecember 31, 1985(aged 45)
De Kalb, Texas, US
Occupation(s)Actor, musician, singer-songwriter
Years active1949–1985
Associated actsElvis PresleyThe Everly BrothersFats DominoConnie FrancisCarl PerkinsJames Burton

Soviets test supersonic airliner »

Soviets test supersonic airliner » 1968

Edison demonstrates incandescent light »

Edison demonstrates incandescent light » 1879

Patriots defeated at Quebec »

Patriots defeated at Quebec » 1775

Charter granted to the East India Company »

Charter granted to the East India Company » 1600

Baseball star dies in plane crash »

Baseball star dies in plane crash » 1972

Roberto Clemente
Roberto Clemente marines shot.jpg
Clemente in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, 1958
Right fielder
Born: August 18, 1934
Barrio San Antón, Carolina, Puerto Rico
Died: December 31, 1972 (aged 38)
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Batted: RightThrew: Right
MLB debut
April 17, 1955, for the Pittsburgh Pirates
Last MLB appearance
October 3, 1972, for the Pittsburgh Pirates
MLB statistics
Batting average.317
Home runs240
Runs batted in1,305
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Vote92.7% (first ballot)

United States ends official relations with Nationalist China »

United States ends official relations with Nationalist China » 1978

Battle of Parker's Crossroads »

Battle of Parker's Crossroads » 1862 Civil War 

Henry Ford publishes the last issue of the Dearborn Independent »

Henry Ford publishes the last issue of the Dearborn Independent » 1927

The International Jew: The World's Problem in The Dearborn Independent, May 22, 1920

The Dearborn Independent, also known as The Ford International Weekly, was a weekly newspaper established in 1901, and published by Henry Ford from 1919 through 1927. The paper reached a circulation of 900,000 by 1925, second only to the New York Daily News, largely due to a quota system for promotion imposed on Ford dealers. Lawsuits regarding anti-Semitic material published in the paper caused Ford to close it, and the last issue was published in December 1927.

Patriots are defeated at Quebec »

Patriots are defeated at Quebec » 1775 American Revolution 

Panama Canal turned over to Panama

Panama Canal turned over to Panama 1999

Friday, December 30, 2016

Tojo is born »

Tojo is born » 1884 WW2 

U.S. Navy transfers some responsibility to South Vietnamese »

U.S. Navy transfers some responsibility to South Vietnamese » 1970

Rutherford B. Hayes marries Lucy Webb »

Rutherford B. Hayes marries Lucy Webb » 1852

Former Idaho governor Steunenberg assassinated »

Former Idaho governor Steunenberg assassinated » 1905

Percy Bysshe Shelley and Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin wed »

Percy Bysshe Shelley and Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin wed » 1816

Cheers co-creator and famed TV director James Burrows born »

Cheers co-creator and famed TV director James Burrows born » 1940

Marcos inaugurated »

Marcos inaugurated » 1965

Rasputin murdered »

Rasputin murdered » 1916

Grigori Rasputin was born the son of a well-to-do peasant and postal coachdriver (yamshchik) in the small village of Pokrovskoe, in the Tobolsk Governorate (now Yarkovsky District in the Tyumen Oblast) in the immense West Siberian Plain. The parish register contains the following entry for 9 January 1869 [O.S.] "In the village of Pokrovskoe, in the family of the peasant Yefim Yakovlevich Rasputin and his wife, both Orthodox, was born a son, Grigory." The next day, he was baptized and named after St. Gregory of Nyssa, whose feast day is on 10 January. 
Grigori was the fifth of nine children, perhaps the only who survived. He never attended school, as there was not one in the area. (The first Russian Empire Census in 1897, registered 87.5 per cent of the Siberian population as illiterate.) In Pokrovskoe, a village with 200 dwellings and roughly thousand inhabitants, Grigori was regarded as an outsider, but one endowed with mysterious gifts. In those days Rasputin acquired a reputation as a brawler and a libertine. Having a rude attitude towards the district head, he was locked up in jail for two nights; according to D. Smith the only mention of Rasputin's criminal past. 

On 2 February 1887, Rasputin married Praskovia Fyodorovna Dubrovina (1865/6–1936) and they had three children: Dmitri, Matryona and Varvara. Two earlier sons and a daughter died young. In 1892, but according to D. Smith in 1897. Rasputin left his village, his wife, children and parents and spent several months in a monastery in VerkhoturyeAlexander Spiridovich suggested after the death of a child. May be Rasputin was curious as the monastery was enlarged to receive more pilgrims. Outside the monastery lived starets Makary, a hermit, whose influence led him to give up tobacco, alcohol and meat. When he returned to the village, he had become a fervent and inspired convert. His children dreaded the long hours of enforced prayer and fasting "for which everything, anniversaries or penitence, served as an excuse." 

Grigori Rasputin
Grigori Rasputin 1916.jpg
Born21 January 1869
Pokrovskoe, Siberia, Russian Empire
Died30 December 1916 (aged 47)
Petrograd, Russian Empire
Cause of deathAssassination
OccupationPeasant, pilgrim, healer, adviser
ReligionRussian Orthodox
Spouse(s)Praskovia Fedorovna Dubrovina
ChildrenMikhail, Anna, Grigori, Dmitri, Matryona, Varvara, Paraskeva
Parent(s)Efim Vilkin Rasputin & Anna Parshukova

Southern U.S. border established »

Southern U.S. border established » 1853

Fire breaks out in Chicago theater »

Fire breaks out in Chicago theater » 1903

The Iroquois Theatre fire happened on December 30, 1903, in ChicagoIllinois. It was the deadliest theater fire and the deadliest single-building fire in United States history. At least 602 people died as a result of the fire, but not all the deaths were reported, as some of the bodies were removed from the scene.

The Iroquois Theatre was at 24–28 West Randolph Street, between State Street and Dearborn Street, in Chicago. The syndicate that bankrolled its construction chose the location specifically to attract women on day trips from out of town who, it was thought, would be more comfortable attending a theater near the safe, police-patrolled Loop shopping district. The theater opened in November 1903 after numerous delays due to labor unrest and, according to one writer, the unexplained inability of architect Benjamin Marshall to complete required drawings on time. Upon opening it was lauded by drama critics; Walter K. Hill wrote in the New York Clipper (a predecessor of Variety) that the Iroquois was "the most beautiful … in Chicago, and competent judges state that few theaters in America can rival its architectural perfections ..." 
The Iroquois had a capacity of 1,602 with three audience levels. The main floor, known as the orchestra or parquet, had approximately 700 seats on the same level as the foyer and Grand Stair Hall. The second level, the dress circle or [first] balcony, had more than 400 seats. The third level, the gallery, had about 500 seats. There were four boxes on the first level and two above. 
Everyone used the same entrance, and the broad stairs leading off the foyer to the balcony level were also used to reach the stairs to the gallery level. Theater designers claimed this allowed patrons to "see and be seen" regardless of the price of their seats. But the common stairway ignored Chicago fire ordinances that required separate stairways and exits for each balcony. The design proved disastrous, as people exiting the gallery encountered a crowd leaving the balcony level, and those descending from the upper levels met the orchestra level patrons in the foyer. 

The backstage areas were unusually large, with dressing rooms on five levels, an uncommonly large fly gallery (where scenery was hung), and even an elevator available to transport actors down to the stage level.

Iroquois Theatre fire
The Iroquois Theatre, shortly before the fire
TimeAbout 3:15 p.m.
DateDecember 30, 1903
LocationChicago, Illinois, United States
CauseIgnition of muslin curtains due to broken arc light
Non-fatal injuries

Acheson calls for renewed effort to meet communist threat »

Acheson calls for renewed effort to meet communist threat » 1950

U.S.S. Monitor sinks »

U.S.S. Monitor sinks » 1862 Civil War 

Sit-down strike begins in Flint »

Sit-down strike begins in Flint » 1936

Francis Lewis dies »

Francis Lewis dies » 1803 American Revolution 

USSR established

USSR established 1922

Thursday, December 29, 2016

Germans raid London »

Germans raid London » 1940 WW2 

French government gives land for British war cemeteries »

French government gives land for British war cemeteries » 1915 WW1

Johnson Administration responds to Harrison Salisbury's charges »

Johnson Administration responds to Harrison Salisbury's charges » 1966

Cuban professional baseball league holds first game »

Cuban professional baseball league holds first game » 1878

Andrew Johnson is born »

Andrew Johnson is born » 1808

Pat Boone earns second #1 hit with "April Love" »

Pat Boone earns second #1 hit with "April Love" » 1957

"April Love" is a popular song with music by Sammy Fain and lyrics by Paul Francis Webster. It was written as the theme song for a 1957 film of the same name starring Pat Boone and Shirley Jones and directed by Henry Levin.

Helped by the release of the film, "April Love" became a number-one hit in the United States for Pat Boone in December 1957. In 1958, it was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Music, Original Song.[1]Connie Francis and Billy Vaughn also made a cover version of this song.

"April Love"
Single by Pat Boone
B-side"When the Swallows Come Back to Capistrano"
ReleasedOctober 1957
Writer(s)Sammy Fain
Paul Francis Webster
Pat Boone singles chronology
"Remember You're Mine"
"April Love""
"A Wonderful Time Up There"