Friday, March 29, 2013

George Washington Poem written by Boston Gazette 1789

GREAT Hero! whose illustrious actions claim
Eternal blessings and an endless fame--
Of every virtue and each gift possess
Religion reigns triumphant in his breast.
Grant him, almighty God! thy aid and health
Ever to rule these states and guard their wealth.
What power of Language can enough extoll
A Son of Liberty and friend to all--
Saviour and patron of Columbia!
Her sons revere thee and exult this day--
In thee, their Favourite and firm support--
Nations applaud thee and thy friendship court.
Generous deliverer of thy Country's right!
Thou hast prov'd victor over lawless might.
Of all the Conquerors in the historic page,
None have surpass'd this Phonix of the age.

Monday, March 25, 2013

She Needs Our Help!

There's a lady I've known forever. She's very sick. On top of that, she's being abused by those to whom she has given everything..... Lies about her abound, and seem to come from all sides. Just breaks my heart. Seems there's nothing I can do alone but maybe, if we all join in and lift her up together, He can heal her. She's well over 230 years old, but way too young to die.  Her name is 'America'...

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Wednesday, March 6, 2013

How to Act on a White House Tour

How to Act on a White House Tour: 8 steps - wikiHow

Act on a White House Tour
When the congressional requests have been filed, the personal information is sent in and you're cleared for a tour of the White House, you'll need to know how to act and what to do when you are touring America's most famous home. These tips should help prevent a Secret Service agent chasing you out at gunpoint.

How to Contact the White House

The White House in Washington, D.C.

The White House in Washington, D.C.

There are many ways to contact the staff and workers at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, the home and workplace of the President of the United States. This article will explain how to contact them for their services.

  1. 1
    Give them a call. The Comment Line is 202-456-1111. The White House Switchboard can be reached at 202-456-1414. You can also send them a fax at 202-456-2461. For information regarding tours and public events, call the White House Visitors Office at 202-456-2121.
  2. 2
    Mail them a letter. The correspondence staff will be happy to write back to you. You can mail them anything in the context of questions regarding current events to a simple "good luck" wish for the president

How to Be a Republican Around Democrats

How to Be a Republican Around Democrats: 6 steps - wikiHow

Being a Republican, you have strong beliefs. Whether it's abortion, pro life, or whether "life begins at conception" or lowering vs. raising taxes -- Republicans usually don't agree with Democrats and vice versa. So, how do you handle arguments? And, how do you show your GOP spirit?

How to Choose Your Political Party in the United States

How to Choose Your Political Party in the United States: 5 steps

How to Draw Benjamin Franklin

How to Draw Benjamin Franklin: 8 steps (with pictures) - wikiHow

This article explains how to draw Benjamin Franklin as he appears on the US $100 bill.

  1. 1
    Draw an oval for his head. Underneath the oval, draw a diagonal line.

  2. 2
    Draw a cross on the oval. This will help you draw the face in symmetrically later. Then add a vertical guideline at the bottom of the image. Finally, add a line on either side of the head to help you draw his hair.

  3. 3
    Draw two lines to help shape the torso. Add half circles for eyes and begin to add definition to the chin.

  4. 4
    Add detail to the eyes and begin to shape the nose. Draw more lines to mark his hair.

  5. 5
    Add eyebrows and a mouth. Begin filling in his hair. Add buttons to his shirt.

  6. 6
    Shade the drawing.

  7. 7
    Erase the guidelines.

  8. 8
    Color the drawing.

How to Celebrate Independence Day

How to Celebrate Independence Day: 8 steps (with pictures)

Celebrate Independence Day
The United States Independence Day (also known as the Fourth of July because that's the day it is celebrated) is a holiday that celebrates the separation of the United States from Great Britain, and the United States' declaration of independence. Traditionally, many people celebrate this day with picnicsparades, andfireworks.

How to Respect the American Flag

Respect the American Flag
The American Flag is an important symbol of the American nation. It is considered to be very important by patriots to learn what it is and how to respect it properly. Below are some rules and guidelines so you can get the most out of respecting the American flag and America.

  1. 1
    Study the United States Flag Code . Many people do not understand that this is a legal issue. Specific Federal laws regulate the display, maintenance, and disposal of the flag.

    • The American flag stands for freedom. Burning the flag is a major sign of disrespect, and is intolerable in America. If you'd like to burn the flag, it shows that you couldn't care less for America, and very much want to move to somewhere else, like Canada.
  2. 2
    Learn about the history of the flag. From it's origin, believed to have been designed by Francis Hopkinson, a Congressman from New Jersey and patriot, to the present day flag, it has seen the development of this nation through many dark and perilous times, as well as good times.
  3. 3
    Learn about the flag itself, what each element means and how it has changed over the years. The flag is made up of three elements, the red and white stripes, which represent the original thirteen colonies, and the canton or unionwith white stars on the blue background, numbering fifty, which represents the current fifty states.
  4. 4
    Understand flag etiquette. How do you salute it, and when. Military persons in uniform, Boy and Girl Scouts in uniform, and military veterans salute it with a military salute when it is paraded, when the Pledge of Allegiance is said, or when the National Anthem is played. Civilians remove their hat with their right hand and hold it over their left shoulder, or if they are not wearing a hat, they hold their right hand over their heart.
  5. 5
    Display the flag properly. When flown in the United States, the flag of the United States of America flies higher than other flags, and it is the largest flag of any group it is in. If the flag is flown at night, there needs to be a light to illuminate the flag.
    • Notice if there has been an Executive Order to fly the flag half-staff, and do so.
    • At governmental buildings, the flag is flown near the center front in a position of prominence.
    • On military bases, the Commanding Officer's Headquarters Building will have the highest flagpole.
    • When the flag is displayed hanging from a wall, the Union (the blue field with stars) is at the upper left side.
    • When draped on a coffin for a military burial, the Union is at the head of the casket over the left shoulder of the departed.
  6. 6
    Observe Flag Day, June 14th.
  7. 7
    Raise and lower the flag properly. When raising the flag, it is hoisted quickly, as if it were charging an enemy, when lowering, go slowly, as if reluctant to retreat.
  8. 8
    Never allow a United States flag to touch the ground. If it does touch the ground, simply clean it and continue to use it.
  9. 9
    When handling a flag, fold it so that it can be carried compactly and held securely. Fold the flag according to the prescribed folding procedures.
  10. 10
    Never dip the flag to another flag as a salute to any organization, person, or thing.
  11. 11
    Keep the flag in good condition. It is considered disrespectful of the flag to display it when it has become damaged, faded, or otherwise worn.
  12. 12
    Dispose of a retired flag by burning it. The idea is that a flag should not be seen in a trash heap or mixed with garbage. Contact your local fire department or the Boy Scouts of America to have your worn out flag retired in a proper ceremony.
  13. 13
    Do not abuse an image of the flag. It is not appropriate to use a United States flag for advertising, or to modify it simply for decoration. wikiHow

How to Lead Like Thomas Jefferson

Lead Like Thomas Jefferson

Like many historic leaders, Thomas Jefferson was a man who didn’t fit into a specific mold, sometimes favoring ideas that were unpopular at the time. Jefferson was considered to be a visionary, often going against the grain in order to achieve the greater good for the country. Jefferson also was a man who forged ahead, despite personal tragedy and despair. Although many lessons can be learned from Jefferson, understanding how his leadership skills influenced the way he is remembered today can be applied to your own modern business, academic and even social situations. Here are some suggestions on how you can lead like Thomas Jefferson.

  1. 1
    Broaden your knowledge. A polymath by nature and experience, Jefferson spoke five languages, and was passionately interested in philosophy, science, religion, architecture and invention. He was well read and always had a thirst for knowledge. Devote at least one part of your week to reading books, articles, journals, newspapers and other reputable sources of information in order to keep up with developments in your own field and beyond.

    • Never assume that you are "above" digesting popular information sources as well. A leader should know the pulse of what the majority of the public is thinking and following by way of trends, fads and curiosities. Knowing what matters to the people you lead (whether it's a team or a company) will always help you to tailor your ideas and visions to make them resonate with those you're guiding. Be curious and genuine in your desire to understand what moves people.
    • Claiming "I cannot live without books", Jefferson accumulated thousands of books for his library at Monticello. You may not have the space for thousands of books in your actual home but do make use of eReaders, iPads, laptops, etc. that allow you to download eBooks. You can access the majority of the classics for free in this form, and many other great books can be purchased and stored with ease this way. Just be sure to back it all up so that you don't lose your amazing collection.
  2. 2
    Speak your mind, even if your opinion isn’t popular. Looking beyond the status quo for a better way of doing things and for ways to improve society as a whole may not be popular initially––resistance to change, however beneficial, is a human certainty. During Jefferson’s times, free America was not fully realized and many Americans did not fully grasp the concept of a completely free society. However, Jefferson turned his frustration into determined persistence and talked to anyone who would listen about his vision of a free U.S. He pushed and persuaded until his dream came to fruition.
    • Stick to your principles. Don’t allow others to influence or sway you from your original intent. For example, Jefferson believed that people should be able to practice any religion they wanted and that the press should be afforded certain freedoms. Today Americans are free from persecution to practice any religion they choose. Moreover, freedom of the press has continued to keep those in public office accountable to the people.
  3. 3
    Focus on your strengths. There is much said and written about overcoming your weaknesses. While there is always room for tightening up aspects of yourself that aren't working the way you want them to, it is a fool's life to pursue anything that relies principally on your weaknesses. Realize that focusing all the time on weaknesses leaves less time to focus on strengths and in many cases, can cause you to feel "less than" rather than to celebrate what you're brilliant at. If you believe you're in a position that isn’t a good fit or you aren’t qualified enough, don’t bluff or “wing it.” Jefferson was made Secretary of State by George Washington and felt at odds with the job and others in the government. He decided to walk away from working in the government, reversing this decision later when he felt ready.
  4. 4
    Draw on inner strength and faith in yourself during times of personal tragedy. Personal tragedy can derail even the most steadfast of leaders. Jefferson was no stranger to devastation and misfortune, losing his wife of eleven years, Martha, and seeing only two of his six children with her reach adulthood. However, he refused to allow the tragedy in his life to unhinge his focus and determination. While he grieved strongly after the death of his wife, he realized that he needed to forge on rather than give in to despair. When challenges face you, allow yourself the time to recover but do not wallow in sadness or disappointment for long; as a leader, you have gifts to share with other people who see you as a role model, guide and mentor.
    • Hold tightly to your goals by being a man or woman of purpose. In 1786, Jefferson wrote about his enthusiasm and passion for life, despite tragedies and disappointments: “Hence the inestimable value of intellectual pleasures... Ever in our power, always leading us to something new, never cloying, we ride, serene and sublime, above the concerns of this mortal world, contemplating truth and nature, matter and motion, the laws which bind up their existence, and the Eternal being who made and bound them up by these laws. Let this be our employ.
  5. 5
    Acknowledge your imperfections without fostering them. Even the greatest leader understands that he or she is not perfect. Although Jefferson is considered to be one of the country’s greatest leaders, his character is riddled with imperfection and inconsistency. For example, Jefferson is known to have had an affair with his slave Sally Hemings and fathered at least six of her children, an indiscretion he never denied. Moreover, many scholars find Jefferson to have been a dishonest man because he never owned certain high impact decisions he made in his life and although he proclaimed to believe in equality for all, his continued ownership of slaves was an inconsistent approach to what he preached. While Jefferson's attitude has an historical context, his documented attitude is something you can learn from so that you heed your own inconsistencies.
    • All human beings are inconsistent to a point, and yet we each need to acknowledge this rather than pretend it's not an issue. Moreover, much of what is inconsistent in us is a result of how we see ourselves at different points in time––and naturally, we change as we mature and age, usually for the better. A good leader will continue to learn and grow, will seek to be less defensive of his or her own ideas and be more open to the perspectives of others. Avoid getting stuck in time or stifling your growth as this is the surest way to stay inconsistent with both yourself and with changes around you; always be prepared to stay open-minded, especially when confronted by complex issues that require considerable thought.
    • Use your mistakes as a learning experience. If you don’t learn from your mistakes you cannot build and further your leadership. By acknowledging your errors and studying them, you can fortify your ability and credibility as a leader and avoid the same pitfalls and shortcomings in the future. Although it is widely know that Jefferson made many mistakes, future presidents turned to him for advice and lessons, well beyond his actual life.
  6. 6
    Learn from others, even if it means you must follow for a while. Great leaders learn skills by not just forging ahead without knowledge but by identifying mentors or guides, studying their strategies and molding their techniques to their advantage.
    • Stay aware throughout your life that you don’t always know everything, not even in your own field of expertise. Even seasoned leaders understand that always improving your knowledge is the real source of power––and that it is impossible to know everything. For example, during the creation of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson was a junior member of the committee. He was charged with writing a draft, but knew that senior member John Adams had more knowledge and insight to write the draft (although Jefferson ultimately authored the document). He sought knowledge from Adams, even asking him to write it instead.
    • Gain motivation and insight from your mentors. Although Jefferson asked Adams to create the draft, it was Adams who provided Jefferson with the necessary motivation and encouragement, which led him to pen his draft. Adams pointed out Jefferson’s strengths, one being that he was a better writer. Sometimes it takes other people's observations of you to point out your strengths.Embrace the written word. Jefferson was a man who had a distinct passion for books and reading. The more you read, the more knowledge you will glean.
  • Surround yourself with trusted advisors. During his presidency, Jefferson appointed loyal colleagues such as James Madison to help him with decision making.
  • Be firm with your intentions. When you intend to do something or want others to know that you authentically believe something, don't hedge or prevaricate. State what you intend to do, then do it. One of the best known phrases in the English language ("We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.") was a result of Jefferson getting straight to the point, and meaning it.
  • Warnings
    Be cognizant of any endeavor that would be considered to be scandalous. Even in Jefferson's times when television and the Internet were non existent, news that he fathered a child with a slave was a common whisper and tarnished his reputation as a leader.
  • Don't let your scandals hold you back or let fear of scandal stop you from doing what you set out to do in life. If you let people intimidate you about something you did in the past or a habit that wouldn't be socially acceptable, you're also shutting down all the good you can do.
  • Don't fear being wrong. Learn from everyone you encounter. They have different perspectives and opinions that are useful in both cementing and modifying your own.
  • If you find your views have not changed, there is a good chance you are simply pigheaded, not principled. Broad guiding principles are the key but how the play out in your life must be informed by verifiable facts. Know how to find facts and make this a foundation of your outlook.

Friday, March 1, 2013

Presidential Facts: Did You Know?

Did You Know?
Thomas Jefferson read Greek, Latin, French and English.
John Quincy Adams, the 6th President, was elected by the 
House of Representatives because neither candidate, (John 
Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson) had enough electoral 
John Quincy Adams used to get up two hours before sunrise to 
go skinny dipping in the Potomac River.
Andrew Jackson was the only president to ever kill a man in 
a duel.
Zachary Taylor's horse grazed on the Whiter House lawn.
Abraham Lincoln was six feet four inches tall, the tallest President 
so far.
Franklin Pierce was arrested for running over a woman while 
driving his carriage in Washington, DC. The charges were later 
Ulysses S. Grant was arrested for speeding while driving a 
horse and buggy in Washington, DC. He had to pay a fine of 
$20.00 and walk back to the White House.

Benjamin Harrison was so afraid of electric lights that he 
used to have White House staff turn them on and off.
Warren G. Harding once lost all the White House china 
gambling, on one hand of cards.

The teddy bear was named after President Theodore Roosevelt.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt's mother forced him to wear dress 
until he was five years old. 

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the only President elected to 
four terms. (1933-1945) 

Dwight David Eisenhower liked to play golf so much he had a 
putting green built on the White House lawn.

John F. Kennedy's father gave him $1,000,000 when he turned 
twenty-one. (Each of his nine brothers and sisters got a million 
dollars too!)

Lyndon Baines Johnson used to go through the White House at 
night turning lights off that were not needed. He did not want to 
waste the taxpayers money. At fifteen he ran away from home 
and traveled to California where he worked as a grape picker 
and auto mechanic.

Gerald Ford also loved golf, but spectators had to watch 
carefully because the President was known for 
conking people on the head with his wild shots.

President Ford was the only President not elected as President 
or Vice President. He was appointed Vice President by President 
Richard Nixon and then became President when Richard Nixon 
resigned. Ford was a model for Cosmopolitan and Look 
magazines in the 1940's. 

Ronald Reagan announced Chicago Cubs games for WHO radio in 
Des Moines. Later he became a famous movie and television actor. 
President Reagan loved jelly beans and used to keep a bowl of 
them on his desk. His nickname was Dutch. 

George Bush was the captain of the baseball team at Yale University.
When Bill Clinton was in high school he shook hands with President 
John F. Kennedy in the Rose Garden, his nickname as a child growing 
up in Arkansas was Bubba.

Who Knew? U.S. Presidential Trivia by John Roach for National Geographic News

 Presidential trivia:
How They Measured Up
The smallest President was James Madison (Presidential term 1809-17). The fourth President, Madison stood 5 feet, 4 inches (163 centimeters) tall and weighed less than 100 pounds (45 kilograms).
The tallest President was Abraham Lincoln (1861-65). He stood 6 feet, 4 inches (193 centimeters) tall.
The heaviest President was William Howard Taft (1909-13), who sometimes tipped the scales at more than 300 pounds (136 kilograms) during his tenure. After he became stuck in the White House bathtub, Taft ordered a new one installed. The replacement was big enough to hold four grown men of average size.
The oldest President ever elected was Ronald Reagan (1981-89). The 40th President took office at the age of 69.
The youngest elected President was John F. Kennedy (1961-63), who reached the White House at 43. But the youngest President to ever serve was Theodore Roosevelt (1901-09), who was elected Vice President on a ticket with President William McKinley. In September 1901 a deranged anarchist shot McKinley twice in Buffalo, New York, and Roosevelt assumed the top office at 42.
At Play
Benjamin Harrison (1889-93), the 23nd President, was the first President to attend a baseball game. He saw the Cincinnati Reds beat the Washington Senators 7 to 4 on June 6, 1892.
William Taft started the tradition of the Presidential "first pitch" of baseball season. The event took place on April 4, 1910, during an opening day game between the Washington Senators and the Philadelphia Athletics.
Since Taft's first pitch, every President but one has opened at least one baseball season during their tenure. The exception: Jimmy Carter (1977-1981).
Continued on Next Page >>

99 Interesting Facts About . . . The U.S. Presidents

99 Interesting Facts About . . .

The U.S. Presidents

  1. Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) is the only U.S. president who was also a licensed bartender. He was co-owner of Berry and Lincoln, a saloon in Springfield, Illinois.b
  2. The only president to be unanimously elected was George Washington (1732-1799). He also refused to accept his presidential salary, which was $25,000 a year.b
  3. Because the KKK was a powerful political force, Truman was encouraged to join the organization. According to some accounts, he was inducted, though he was “never active.” Other accounts claim that though he gave the KKK a $10 membership fee, he demanded it back and was never inducted or initiated.f, i
  4. Grover Cleveland was the only president in history to hold the job of a hangman. He was once the sheriff of Erie County, New York, and twice had to spring the trap at a hanging.k
  5. The “S” in Harry S Truman doesn’t stand for anything; therefore, there is no period after his middle initial.j
  6. Lincoln Logs are named after Abraham Lincoln and the log cabin where he was born. John Lloyd Wright, son of famous architect Francis Lloyd Wright, invented them.k
  7. Thomas Jefferson and John Adams once traveled to Stratford-upon-Avon to visitShakespeare’s birthplace. While there, they took a knife to one of Shakespeare’s chairs so they could take home some wood chips as souvenirs.i
  8. James Madison and Thomas Jefferson were once arrested together for taking a carriage ride in the countryside of Vermont on a Sunday, which violated the laws of that state.i
  9. Andrew Johnson is the only tailor ever to be president. As president, he would typically stop by a tailor shop to say hello. He would wear only the suits that he made himself.a
  10. teddy bears
    Teddy Bears are named after U.S. President, Teddy Roosevelt
  11. “Teddy Bears” were so named when Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (1858-1919) refused to shoot a small bear cub one day. The incident was reported in the news, which inspired a toy manufacture to come out with the cute stuffed animals.a
  12. George Washington never lived in the White House. The capital was actually located in Philadelphia and other cities when Washington was president. He is also the only president who didn’t represent a political party.b
  13. James Abram Garfield (1831-1881) is the first president to ever talk on the phone. When he spoke to Alexander Graham Bell, who was at the other end 13 miles away, he said: “Please speak a little more slowly.”k
  14. Twenty-ninth president Warren Gamaliel Harding (1865-1923) repeatedly made love to a young girl, Nan Britton, in a White House closet. On one occasion, Secret Service agents had to stop his wife from beating down the closet door.e
  15. Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was the first president to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.h
  16. After President Bush Sr. vomited on the Japanese Prime Minister, a new word entered the Japanese language. Bushusuru means “to do the Bush thing,” or to publicly vomit.k
  17. The term “O.K.” derives from President Martin Van Buren (1782-1862) who was known as “Old Kinderhook” because he was raised in Kinderhook, New York. “O.K.” clubs were created to support Van Buren’s campaigns.k
  18. President Grover Cleveland (1837-1908) is the only president to be elected to two nonconsecutive terms. He was the 22nd and 24th president.j
  19. John Fitzgerald Kennedy’s (1917-1963) famous inaugural line “Ask not what you your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country” echoes similar directives made by many others, including Cicero, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. and President Warren G. Harding, who told the 1916 Republican convention: “We must have a citizenship less concerned about what the government can do for it, and more anxious about what it can do for the nation.”k
  20. Martin Van Buren was the first to be a United States citizen. All previous presidents were born British subjects.g
  21. Six presidents were named James: Madison, Monroe, Polk, Buchanan, Garfield, and Carter.k
  22. President Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969) was the only president to serve in both WWI and WWII.h
  23. Richard Milhous Nixon (1913-1994) was the first president to visit all 50 states and the first to visit China. He is the only president to resign.j
  24. James Earl “Jimmy” Carter (1924-) was the first president to be born in a hospital.k
  25. ufo
    Jimmy Carter is the first president to report seeing a UFO
  26. Jimmy Carter is the first known president to go on record as seeing a UFO.k
  27. George H. W. Bush (1924-) was the first serving vice president to be elected president since Martin Van Buren.k
  28. William Jefferson “Bill” Clinton (1946-) was the first U.S. Democratic president to win re-election since FDR.k
  29. Abraham Lincoln was the only presidential candidate who was not a Mason in the 1860 election.i
  30. President James Buchanan (1791-1868) quietly but consistently bought slaves in Washington, D.C., and then set them free in Pennsylvania.g
  31. Herbert Clark Hoover (1874-1964) gave his White House servants strict orders to hide from him whenever he passed by. Those who failed to do so were at risk of being fired.g
  32. Lyndon Baines Johnson “LBJ”(1908-1973) affectionately called the many women he slept with his “harem.” He even had a buzzer system installed that rang inside the Oval Office so that Secret Service could warn him when his wife was coming.c
  33. James Buchanan is the only bachelor president. He was virtually inseparable from William R. King (1786-1853), a senator from Alabama, earning the pair the nickname “Miss Nancy and Aunt Fancy” and “Mr. Buchanan and his wife.”c
  34. Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant, 1822-1885) smoked at least 20 cigars a day and, after a brilliant war victory, a nation of well wishers sent him more than 10,000 cigars. He later died of throat cancer.i
  35. Dwight D. Eisenhower had an affair with his wartime driver, Kay Summersby (1908-1975). Kay later wrote a book called Past Forgetting: My Love Affair with Dwight D. Eisenhower in which she claims he was impotent.e
  36. John F. “Jack” Kennedy most likely had the most active extramarital sex life of any president. He allegedly slept with Marilyn Monroe, Jayne Mansfield, Audrey Hepburn, Angie Dickinson, stripper Blaze Starr, Marlene Dietrich, and many other women including White House staffers, secretaries, stewardess, campaign workers, strippers, and acquaintances of trusted male friends. The FBI taped sounds of him and Inga Arvad making love.d
  37. nasa
    Teddy Roosevelt and his family could walk in stilts
  38. Every member of Teddy Roosevelt’s family owned a pair of stilts, including the first lady.k
  39. Sally Hemings (ca. 1773-1885) was not only Jefferson’s slave, but also the half-sister of Jefferson’s dead wife. She is said to have been Jefferson’s mistress for thirty-eight years, and scholars have argued for years whether Jefferson was the father of her children. DNA tests in 1998 revealed that a male in Jefferson’s line was the father of at least one of her children, though it did not prove conclusively that Jefferson himself fathered them.c
  40. When Martin Van Buren wrote his autobiography after serving as president from 1837-1841, he didn’t mention his wife of 12 years. Not even once.i
  41. John Tyler (1790-1862) had more children than any other president. He had eight by his first wife and seven by his second. He was 70 when his last child, Pearl, was born. He was also the first president to get married in office, though his eight children form his first wife did not approve of the wedding and did not attend.j
  42. Ronald Wilson Reagan (1911-2004) won the Most Nearly Perfect Male Figure Award from the University of California in 1940.k
  43. Thomas Jefferson had a family of plants named after him, Jeffersonia diphylla, which is also known as twin root or rheumatism root.k
  44. Thomas Jefferson wrote “The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth,” which was discovered after his death by his daughter. It argues that Jesus Christ was a great thinker, but that he was devoid of other worldly qualities that made him the center of Christianity.k
  45. James Madison (1751-1836) was the shortest president of the United States, standing at only 5’4”. He never weighed more than 100 pounds.j
  46. George Washington made the shortest inauguration speech on record—133 words and less than two minutes long.b
  47. William Henry Harrison
    William Harrison served the shortest term of any president
  48. William Henry Harrison (1773-1841) holds the record for the longest inauguration speech in history at 8,578 words long and one hour and 40 minutes. Unfortunately, he gave the speech during bad weather and a month later, he was dead from pneumonia, making his the shortest presidency on record.j
  49. George Washington, James Monroe, Andrew Jackson, James Polk, James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson, James Garfield, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Taft, Warren Harding, Franklin Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Lyndon Johnson, and Gerald Ford were all Masons, many symbols of which are found on American currency.i
  50. The body of John Scott Harrison, father of President of Benjamin Harrison, was stolen by grave robbers and sold to Ohio Medical College in Cincinnati for use as a training cadaver. The body was eventually recovered and reburied.k
  51. Gerald Rudolph Ford’s (1913-2006) name before he was adopted was Leslie Lynch King Jr.g
  52. The youngest president was Teddy Roosevelt who became president at age 42 when McKinley (1843-1901) was assassinated. JFK was the youngest president elected at the age of 43.j
  53. As a young man, Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822-1893) fought lyssophobia, or the fear of going insane.k
  54. Three presidents died on July 4th: Thomas Jefferson (1826), John Adams (1826), and James Monroe (1831). Calvin Coolidge is the only president to have been born on the Fourth (1872).h
  55. George Herbert Walker Bush is the only President with four names.k
  56. James Garfield could write Latin with one hand and Greek with the other hand simultaneously.i
  57. The three best known Western names in China are Jesus Christ, Elvis Presley, and Richard Nixon.k
  58. John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) would often skinny dip in the Potomac River.i
  59. James Monroe (1758-1831) once chased his Secretary of State from the White House with a pair of fire tongs.i
  60. When Mexican general Santa Ana demanded Zachary Taylor (“Old Rough and Ready,” 1784-1850) to surrender, Taylor said, “Tell him to go to hell.”i
  61. Andrew Jackson was involved in over 100 duels and fights
  62. Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) was reportedly involved in over 100 duels, most to defend the honor of his wife, Rachel. He had a bullet in his chest from an 1806 duel and another bullet in his arm from a barroom fight in 1813 with Missouri senator Thomas Hart Benton.g
  63. Herbert Hoover was an orphan whose first job was picking bugs off potato plants, for which he was paid a dollar per hundred bugs. He also was a mine worker.b
  64. Gerald Ford worked as a model during college. He also worked as a forest ranger at Yellowstone National Park directing traffic and feeding the bears.a
  65. In 1945, Congress voted to commemorate the work FDR did for the March of Dimes by putting his profile on the coin.i
  66. Abraham Lincoln was the first president to ever be photographed at his inauguration. In the photo, he is standing near John Wilkes Booth, his future assassin.k
  67. Robert Lincoln is the only man in U.S. history known to have witnessed the assassinations of three different presidents, his father, James Garfield, and William McKinley. After he saw anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoot McKinley, he vowed he would never again appear in public with an incumbent president.i
  68. Much has been written about Lincoln-Kennedy assassinations coincidences, including:
    1. Both had seven letters in their last names.
    2. Both were shot in the head on a Friday seated beside their wives.
    3. Lincoln was shot at Ford’s Theatre. Kennedy was shot in a Lincoln Limo, which was made by Ford.
    4. Lincoln was in Box 7 at Ford’s Theatre, and Kennedy was in Car 7 of the Dallas motorcade.
    5. Both assassins had three names with 15 letters (John Wilkes Booth and Lee Harvey Oswald).
    6. Booth shot Lincoln in a theater and was captured in a warehouse. Oswald shot Kennedy in a warehouse and was captured in a theater.
    7. Both were elected to the U.S. House of Representatives for the first time in ’46 (1846/1946), were runners-up for their party’s nomination for vice president in ’56, and were elected president in ’60.
    8. Both were succeeded by southern Democrats named Johnson.k
  69. An anarchist and lawyer named Charles Guiteau shot James Garfield in the back with a five-barrel, .44-caliber pistol called a British Bulldog in 1881. He said he chose the gun because it would look good on a display in a museum someday. No one currently knows where the gun is.b
  70. The first attempt to assassinate a president was on Andrew Jackson by Richard Lawrence, a house painter. Both of his guns misfired, however—an event that statisticians say could occur only once in 125,000 times. Andrew Jackson then chased Lawrence with his walking stick.j
  71. James Garfield didn’t die from the gunshot wounds from his assassin’s gun; he died of blood poisoning after doctors and experts (including Alexander Graham Bell) tried to remove the bullet from his back with their dirty fingers and instruments, causing him to linger in pain for 80 days before dying. His assassin, Charles Guiteau, later claimed that he didn’t kill the president, the doctors had.i
  72. At 325 pounds, William Howard Taft (1857-1930), who was dubbed “Big Bill,” was the largest president in American history and often got stuck in the White House bathtub. His advisors had to sometimes pull him out.b
  73. poker
    Warren Harding once lost priceless White House China playing poker
  74. Harding was obsessed with poker and once bet an entire set of priceless White House China and lost it.k
  75. During his second run for presidency, Teddy Roosevelt was shot by a would-be assassin while giving a speech in Milwaukee. He continued to deliver his speech with the bullet in his chest.i
  76. Thomas Jefferson was convinced that if he soaked his feet in a bucket of cold water every day, he’d never get a cold.k
  77. Calvin Coolidge liked to have his head rubbed with petroleum jelly while eating his breakfast in bed.b
  78. Woodrow Wilson (born Thomas Woodrow Wilson, 1856-1924) would paint his golf balls black during the winter so he could continue playing in the snow.a
  79. On his epitaph, which he composed, Jefferson mentions that he was the author of the Declaration of Independence and the Statuette of Virginia for Religious Freedom and that he was the father of the University of Virginia. He neglected to mention he had been the President of the United States.g
  80. Teddy Roosevelt’s last request before dying was “Please put out the light.” Thomas Jefferson’s last words were “This is the Fourth?” John Adam’s dying words were “Thomas Jefferson still survives,” unaware that Jefferson had passed away a few hours earlier.k
  81. George Washington
    George Washington had to borrow $600 to get to his own inauguration
  82. George Washington didn’t have enough money to get to his own inauguration so he had to borrow $600 from his neighbor.i
  83. Washington, Jackson, Van Buren, Taylor, Fillmore, Lincoln, A. Johnson, Cleveland, and Truman did not attend college. Harry Truman is the only twentieth-century president without a college degree.b
  84. The capital of Liberia is called Monrovia after President James Monroe.k
  85. In 1978, President Jimmy Carter, the first Southerner elected to the presidency following the Civil War, restored U.S. citizenship to Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States of America.i
  86. Samuel Mudd, the doctor who treated the broken ankle of Lincoln assassin John Wilkes Booth, received a presidential pardon in 1869 from Ulysses S. Grant.i
  87. No president has ever been an only child.j
  88. At his first inauguration, George Washington added the “so help me God” to the end of the oath of office.b
  89. John Adams' campaign propaganda against Jefferson said that if Jefferson was elected, “murder, robbery, rape, adultery, and incest will be openly taught and practiced.” They later resolved their differences and wrote many letters to each other.i
  90. It was so cold at Ulysses S. Grant’s presidential inauguration that the canaries that were supposed to sing at the inaugural ball froze to death.k
  91. Every so often, Calvin Coolidge would press all the buttons on the President’s desk and hide and watch his staff run in. He would then pop out from behind the door and say that he was just seeing if everyone was working.b
  92. The first president to be born outside the original 13 States was Lincoln.k
  93. Jimmy Carter was a wealthy peanut farmer in Plains, Georgia. A farming accident left one of his fingers permanently bent.b
  94. William McKinley, Grover Cleveland, and James Madison are on the $500, $1000, and $5000 bill, respectively. The bills are still used as legal tender but are no longer being printed.b
  95. Abraham Lincoln is the only president to receive a patent (# 6469). He was the first president to have a beard, at the request from a little girl named Gracie Bedell. The first child to die in the White House was Abraham Lincoln’s 12-year old son, Willie.i
  96. Abraham Lincoln was the tallest president at 6' 4” and weighing 180 pounds.i
  97. Several of his descendants and a few historians claim that John Hanson (1721-1783) is actually the forgotten first president of the United States because he was the first president under the Articles of Confederation.j
  98. William McKinley was the first to ride in a self-propelled vehicle—the electric ambulance that took him to the hospital after he had been shot.k
  99. Mount Rushmore
    Same-scaled bodies for the presidential heads would stand 465 feet tall
  100. The presidential faces on Mount Rushmore are as high as a five-story building, about 60' from chin to top of the head. The pupils of eyes are 4' across and the mouths are 18' wide. The carving took 14 years, from 1927-1941. The total cost was about $990,000. A total 450,000 tons of stone was removed.b
  101. George Washington’s original ancestral name was de Wessyngton, from a certain William de Hertburn, a twelfth-century noble knight of the manor and village of Wessyngton who later changed his name to de Wessyngton (which is the Norman spelling of Washington).i
  102. Woodrow Wilson was the first to show a motion picture in the White House: The Birth of Nation, which has become the most banned film in American history.k
  103. Warren Harding was the first president to own a radio, the first to make speech over the radio, and the first to ride to his inauguration in a car. When women got the right to vote, he was the first president they could elect.k
  104. JFK was the first Roman Catholic to be president, the first Boy Scout to become president, and the first president to be born in the twentieth century.i
  105. Gerald Ford was the first person to be both vice president and president without being elected by the people. He was appointed vice president when Spiro Agnew resigned and he succeeded to the presidency when Nixon resigned.g
  106. Rutherford Hayes banished alcohol from the White House and held gospel sing-alongs every night in the White House.k
  107. Andrew Johnson was the first president to be impeached. He was acquitted by one vote in the Senate. It would be another 131 years before another president, Bill Clinton, would be impeached.j
-- Posted November 30, 2009. Updated January 29, 2011.